Haloperidol haldol

Alcohol can increase the nervous system side effects of haloperidol such as dizziness, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating. Some people may also experience impairment in thinking and judgment. You should avoid or limit the use of alcohol while being treated with haloperidol. Do not use more than the recommended dose of haloperidol, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions or concerns.

The influence of renal impairment on the pharmacokinetics of haloperidol has not been evaluated. About one-third of a haloperidol dose is excreted in urine, mostly as metabolites. Less than 3% of administered haloperidol is eliminated unchanged in the urine. Haloperidol metabolites are not considered to make a significant contribution to its activity, although for the reduced metabolite of haloperidol, back-conversion to haloperidol cannot be fully ruled out. Even though impairment of renal function is not expected to affect haloperidol elimination to a clinically relevant extent, caution is advised in patients with renal impairment, and especially those with severe impairment, due to the long half-life of haloperidol and its reduced metabolite, and the possibility of accumulation (see section ).

Given these considerations, antipsychotic drugs should be prescribed in a manner that is most likely to minimize the occurrence of tardive dyskinesia. Chronic antipsychotic treatment should generally be reserved for patients who suffer from a chronic illness that 1) is known to respond to antipsychotic drugs, and 2) for whom alternative, equally effective, but potentially less harmful treatments are not available or appropriate. In patients who do require chronic treatment, the smallest dose and the shortest duration of treatment producing a satisfactory clinical response should be sought. The need for continued treatment should be reassessed periodically.

An encephalopathic syndrome (characterized by weakness, lethargy , fever, tremulousness and confusion, extrapyramidal symptoms, leukocytosis , elevated serum enzymes, BUN , and fasting blood sugar) followed by irreversible brain damage has occurred in a few patients treated with lithium plus HALDOL. A causal relationship between these events and the concomitant administration of lithium and HALDOL has not been established; however, patients receiving such combined therapy should be monitored closely for early evidence of neurological toxicity and treatment discontinued promptly if such signs appear.

Haloperidol may be used during pregnancy when treatment of acute psychosis or chronic psychotic illness is necessary. If needed to treat extrapyramidal side effects, biperiden can be added to the medication. Treatment with other butyrophenones is not an indication for termination of pregnancy. Detailed fetal ultrasonography may be offered, with special emphasis on the limbs, after maternal use of a butyrophenone in the first trimester. Regular psychiatric and obstetric care is recommended to diagnose in time a relapse or pregnancy complications (intrauterine growth retardaton, premature contractions). Observation of the neonate for adaptation problems for at least 2 days is recommended when butyrophenones have been used up to delivery. To prevent neonatal adaptation disorders dose reduction or even treatment interruption in the days immediately preceding delivery can be discussed with the patient if the clinical course allows. However, to prevent a relapse at this vulnerable stage, pre-pregnancy dosage should be started immediately after delivery.

Haloperidol haldol

haloperidol haldol

An encephalopathic syndrome (characterized by weakness, lethargy , fever, tremulousness and confusion, extrapyramidal symptoms, leukocytosis , elevated serum enzymes, BUN , and fasting blood sugar) followed by irreversible brain damage has occurred in a few patients treated with lithium plus HALDOL. A causal relationship between these events and the concomitant administration of lithium and HALDOL has not been established; however, patients receiving such combined therapy should be monitored closely for early evidence of neurological toxicity and treatment discontinued promptly if such signs appear.

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